- Greening innovation
is change; a breathing, growing, living process that makes our landscapes and living spaces ecologically resilient and sustainable.
It uses environmentally friendly, climate-smart technologies and practices to grow food, plant trees, produce energy, and to convert our wastes into resources using productive closed- loop systems that actually build rather than exploit their natural resources base.
It also learns from the local experience, respecting the everyday inventive responses of people and communities, and their original contributions to greening.
- Urban agriculture
is the growing of plants and the raising of animals within and around cities and other settlements.
Its most striking feature is how the practice is integrated into the urban economy and fabric itself and thus embedded in – and interacting with – the urban ecosystem.
In the context of forced displacement, urban agriculture (UA) has a clear role to play from the earliest stages of a crisis, through refugee camp and crisis-city settings, to resettlement or returnees, but whatever the case, facilitating the transition from food insecurity, to food security, then food sovereignty is always the goal.
- Forced Displacement
refers to the situations of people who leave or flee their homes due to conflict, violence, persecution or human rights violations.
Globally, there are now almost 20 million refugees and 40 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) – and most are hosted in developing countries.
Many of these refugees and IDPs don’t have access to land, property, housing, livelihoods, urban services and accountable and responsive governance.
In this report we use the term ‘refugees’ synonymously with IDPs.